The Roo Programming Language

Latest Release: 3.0.0

What is it?

Roo is a cross platform interpreted, object-oriented, dynamically typed scripting language. It runs on macOS, Windows and Linux (including the Raspberry Pi). It’s written in Xojo and it's designed to be used both from the command line as a productivity tool and also as a replacement for Xojo’s built-in scripting language (XojoScript) in your own Xojo projects. Why replace XojoScript? Well, Roo has a far richer standard library and provides access to very useful built-in classes like hases (a.k.a. dictionaries) and regular expressions.

Syntax

Roo's syntax is inspired by Python's and does away with excessive curly braces. Block scoping is determined by its indentation level. Indentation is determined by tabs only (no confusion with spaces). Semicolons are optional.

# A comment.
12 # Inline comment.
100.54
3e10
4.5e-10
0xffaa00
0b1001
0o2345

var a = 100
var b = "Double quoted string"
var c = 'Single quoted string'
var d = "Single 'quotes' inside"
var e = 'Double "quotes" inside'

# Operators.
# +, -, /, *, %, &, =>, !, ^, : ,
# ., =, ==, >, <>, <, >=, <=, -=
# +=, /=, *=, %=, |, &, >>, >>

# Keywords.
# and, break, class, def, else, exit, for, if
# module, not, or, pass, quit, require, return
# self, static, super, var, while

def test(a, b):
    pass

class Doctor < Person:
    def init(name):
        pass

module Sonos:
    class Player:
        pass

print("Test")

if a.length > 100:
    pass

if name.starts_with?("Dr")

Start learning Roo by reading the documentation.

Objects

Inspired by Ruby, absolutely everything in Roo is an object. Even text and number literals:

9.sqrt # 3
"hello world".capitalise # "HELLO WORLD"
35.5.integer? # False

Learn more about Roo's object system.

Full Class System

As an object-oriented language, Roo supports classes with single inheritance. It also supports modules and static methods. Classes can have fields added to them dynamically at any time.

class Person:
    def init(name):
        self.name = name

    def greet(who):
        print("Hello " + who)

class Doctor < Person:
    def init(name):
        super.init(name)

    def diagnose(who):
        print("OK " + who + ", let's see what's wrong with you")

var dave = Person("Dave")
dave.greet("Tony") # "Hello Tony"

var garry = Doctor("Garry")
garry.diagnose("Steven") # "OK Steven, let's see what's wrong with you"

Learn more about Roo's classes.

Easy To Integrate With Xojo

I love Xojo and create all the time with it. I found that I often wanted to offer the ability to my users to extend the functionality of my apps. Xojo provides XojoScript for this purpose but it’s underpowered, particularly its inability to pass objects between a script and its context. Roo is easy to integrate into Xojo apps to provide your end users with more power to write plugins and other extensions. All you need to do is drop in Roo's classes and you’re good to go.

Learn how to integrate Roo into a Xojo project.